The analysis of the play Antigone by Sophocles begins with an overview of the prologue of the play and its function. We briefly look at the set-up for the play and how this influences the character dynamics in Antigone.
We then explain in detail the structure of the play, looking at the unity of time and place, and the plot sequence. We also consider how Antigone fits into the traditional pyramidal structure of a play and explain the key points in the play.
Next, we give a comprehensive description of the language used in the play, including stichomythia, also known as dialogue in alternate lines. This is characteristic for the play and describes a rapid alternation of speech between several characters in a dialogue. Finally, we examine the monologues found in the drama with the help of two examples, Creon’s speech and Antigone’s lament for her death. These monologues display a wide range of stylistic devices. We look at them in detail with the help of a variety of examples.