To understand Sophocles’ play Antigone, it is essential to examine the history and relationships of the characters appearing in the play and the curse placed on the ruling dynasty of the city of Thebes. We will thoroughly discuss these before examining the origins and sources of the Antigone narrative.

The historical background of Sophocles’ play Antigone is related to the cultural prosperity of Athens as well as the development of Athenian democracy and the name of Pericles (495 to 429 BC). During the rule of this leader, Athens experienced a boost in its political, economic, and cultural development. We will look in detail at the period of Pericles.

Sophocles experienced almost the entire period known as the “Golden Age” of Athens. He witnessed the rise of his hometown as well as the near end of its supremacy. His lifetime was framed by the war of the Greeks against the Persians and the Peloponnesian war. He also lived through the plague. We also discuss this period.

Next, we focus on the theater in ancient Greece. In Sophocles’ time, theater performances were often staged as literary competitions and were held every year in March, especially in connection with the so-called Dionysia. Finally, we take a closer look at the influences and adaptations of Sophocles’ Antigone. We explain all facts and background information using clear and accessible language.

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