Themes

One of the main themes in Sophocles’ tragic play Antigone is the theme of family love. Here, we describe Antigone’s family relationships and Ismene’s development, but also Creon’s attitude. The stubborn king does not initially allow any privilege or exception to his laws, which will lead to him being troubled by remorse and guilt at a later point in time. But by then it is already too late, for his son Haemon has already committed suicide.

We devote an entire section to the role of women. We describe the patriarchal family structure in Athens, but above all we examine Antigone’s rebellion, her vanity and reputation. Moreover, we look at the role of the gods, mythology, Sophocles’ conception of humanity and human destiny. 

We also look at the way the image of humanity and gods is presented in the play. The relationship between humans and gods in Ancient Greece influences the way the gods are depicted in plays. By understanding this dynamic, we can also begin to understand the role the gods play in Antigone

Lastly, we explore the theme of guilt as it relates to Antigone and Creon. We explore the difference between individuality and individual freedom and the limitations to this freedom imposed by the law. We also look at the issue of punishment in the play, and whether the punishment the main characters receive for their actions offer a hint to their guilt or innocence.

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