This study guide will help you analyze the text “Bangana” by CJ Hauser. We will show you examples of elements in the text that will be relevant for your analysis. In these notes, we will focus on the summary, structure, characters, setting, narrator and point of view, language, and themes and message.

Presentation of the text

Title: “Bangana”
Author: CJ Hauser
Published in: Narrative Magazine
Year of Publication: 2014
Genre: Short Story

CJ Hauser is an American young author and university professor. Her first novel “The From-Aways” was also published in 2014, like the short story “Bangana”.


Below, you can read an excerpt from our study guide:


The title of the short story - “Bangana” - is the Pashtu word describing a buzzing wasp. Consequently, it refers to the way the locals in Afghanistan perceive the surveillance drones. However, except for those army persons who worked or work in Afghanistan, most readers will not understand the title at first. But, after reading the story, it becomes clear that the title is meant to outline the story is about the protagonist’s work and that it deals with themes related to war: how modern warfare affects people’s lives on both sides of the conflict.

“Bangana” by CJ Hauser is structured as an inner monologue of the main character, during a few days of the woman’s life. The inner monologue is made up of flashbacks and narrative passages which are combined with some dialogue. The narrative follows the protagonist both at work and at home, but the focus is on her job as a surveillance drone pilot.

In this story, the main event is the bombing of a warehouse the protagonist is surveilling in Afghanistan. However, the narrative here is more focused on the way the protagonist relates to her job and her family life.

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