Hamlet the younger, and Hamlet the older 

Even before William Shakespeare’s “Hamlet” begins, a key event has taken place in which Hamlet himself was not involved and of which he learns only later: His uncle Claudius has treacherously murdered his father in order to become King of Denmark himself and to be able to marry his wife Gertrude. Claudius must come to terms with the sin of fratricide and Gertrude must come to terms with her own betrayal of her first husband. Looking at the plot only from this point of view, a title such as "Fratricide in Denmark" would certainly have been a more appropriate choice.

However, the play is titled "Hamlet," which is the same name as the protagonist, the young crown prince of Denmark. The title, however, is not only centered around the fate of the title character, but also refers to his father who has the same name, Hamlet the older, who appears as a ghost in the play and who decisively in...

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