Letter from Birmingham Jail
This study guide will help you analyze the text “Letter from Birmingham Jail” by Martin Luther King Jr. We will show you examples of elements in the text that will be relevant for your analysis. In these notes, we will focus on summary, topic, writer, reader, language, modes of persuasion, circumstances, and intention.
Presentation of the text
Title: “Letter from Birmingham Jail”
Writer: Martin Luther King Jr.
Genre: Open letter
Publication date: 16th of April, 1963
Context: The American Civil Rights Movement, the Birmingham campaign
Martin Luther King Jr. (1929-1968) was an African-American Civil Rights activist and a Baptist Minister. King often spoke on behalf of activists, becoming a leader of the movement. He promoted nonviolence and civil disobedience as means to advance civil rights. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964. The “Letter from Birmingham Jail” was written by King while he was in jail because he and other leaders proceeded with organizing protests in Birmingham despite a judge issuing an injunction order against them.
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