The plot of Daniel Defoe's novel Robinson Crusoe is fictional, but probably based on a true story. Daniel Defoe was most likely inspired by the account of the Scottish seafarer Alexander Selkirk, who, after a quarrel, voluntarily let himself to be marooned on an uninhabited island by his captain. He then spent four years alone on the deserted island “Isla Más a Tierra” at the beginning of the 18th century.

For survival, the Scotsman had only some clothing and bedding, plus a shotgun, a knife, tobacco, a pot, a Bible, as well as books and his nautical instruments. Here follows the story of the experienced sailor: “For weeks, two English privateers have been cruising the South Pacific in search of lucrative booty. When the pirates run out of drinking water, Captain Woodes Rogers orders them to anchor in ...

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