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Spanish Grammar

This study guide is a collection of the most important topics concerning Spanish grammar. You'll learn about the different parts of speech (e.g. nouns, adjectives, verbs etc.), as well as other important grammar topics that are essential to learning the language. 

We have based our explanations of the different topics on everyday examples of Spanish sentences and phrases that you can easily apply to your own practice of the language. We will show you relevant examples of every concept we explain and point out exactly how the example illustrates the concept. We have also focused on making this study guide easy to navigate, so you can find the answer to your specific questions about Spanish grammar. 

The study guide is intended for English-speaking students of Spanish who already have a little prior knowledge of the language, but who need a helping hand with some of the details of the grammar. For example, it can be helpful for you if you are currently enrolled in a Spanish class, and you need somewhere to look up different important grammar topics as you become more familiar with the Spanish language. 

You can use the menu to navigate the different topics of the study guide, or you can search for the exact topic you need help with. 

NB: This study guide is currently a work in progress, and it will periodically be updated with new chapters and sections as soon as they are completed by our editorial staff.

Excerpt

In certain situations it can be necessary to refrain from using an article at all in Spanish, even though you would have to use one in most situations. Doing so can express the most general meaning of the noun by referring to it as a whole class without stating any information about quantity or quality. This is often done when talking about professions, religion, ideologies or nationalities. Consider the following examples:

Juan es futbolista → Juan is a soccer player

Teresa se ha hecho médica → Teresa has become a doctor

Mi amiga es cristiana → My friend is a Christian

In the examples above the nouns futbolista, médica, and cristiana all refer to the general categories, and therefore don’t need articles in Spanish. However, if we would like to be more specific in our statement and for example add an adjective to the sentence, we would have to use an article:

Juan es un futbolista horrible → Juan is a horrible soccer player

Furthermore, articles can be left out if the quantity of the generalized noun is irrelevant:

Pedro no come carne → Pedro doesn’t eat meat

In the above example, the quantity isn’t relevant because the sentence expresses that Pedro eats no meat at all, and because of this it would be strange to mention an amount. As you can see in the example above, articles are also omitted in English in cases like this. 

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Spanish Grammar

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