Strange Fruit

This study guide will help you analyze the poem “Strange Fruit” by Abel Meeropol. We will show you examples of elements in the text that will be relevant for your analysis. In these notes, we will focus on the summary, composition, characters and speaker, language and style, rhythm and rhyme, imagery and metaphors, themes and message.

Presentation of the poem

Title: “Strange Fruit”
Author: Abel Meeropol
Published in: “The New York Teacher”
Date of Publication: 1937
Genre: Poem/ Song

Abel Meeropol (1903-1986), mostly known under his literary alias, Lewis Allan, was an American teacher and writer with Communist sympathies. Today he is most known for the poem turned into a song “Strange Fruit” and originally interpreted by Billie Holiday. The poem is said to have been inspired by a photo from the 1930s which depicted the lynching of Thomas Shipp and Abram Smith, two African-American men suspected of robbery, murder, and rape.


The poem describes the strange and bloody fruits of trees in the Southern United States which are in fact the bodies of hanged black men. Their eyes are bulged and their mouths twisted, and the smell of decaying flesh mixes with that of magnolia flowers. They are described as fruits for the crows, hanging in the wind, rain and sun and eventually dropping from the trees like a horrific crop.


Below, you can read an excerpt from our study guide:


Apart from imagery and metaphors the poet also includes a few symbols which make the poem more compelling.

The poplar trees (l. 4) are in general symbolically associated with resilience and victory. However, in this case, they function as an ironic symbol of death and remembrance because this is where the dead bodies hang.


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Strange Fruit

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