“I Have a Dream” refers to the American Dream with the purpose of ending segregation and promoting racial equality. The speech was delivered at a high point in the civil rights movement, but it is still famous today.
The speech was delivered in 2007 during Barack Obama’s first presidential campaign. The main topic of Obama’s speech is the importance of reclaiming the American Dream. He talks about the significance of the American Dream and presents some of the measures he is prepared to take to see it revived if he is elected President of the United States.
Michelle Obama mainly focuses on the theme of the American Dream in her 2008 Democratic Convention speech. She does this by looking at both her husband’s and her own individual experiences and the common experiences of American citizens. Obama believes that working hard assures great opportunities, no matter the circumstances in which one was born.
At the time of this speech, Trump was known mostly for his real-estate and construction business. As a non-traditional presidential candidate, Trump presents himself as someone who will act rather than talk.
Donald Trump gave this speech when he took the oath of office and became the President of the US. Trump's overall intention with the speech was to present his vision for America’s future during his term. He also tries to convey an optimistic message, promising the audience that the US will thrive again.
Novels, poems, and interviews
Set in 1922, The Great Gatsby is full of descriptions of the lifestyle of the wealthy during that era. It was a time of huge social change; society was shifting after the chaos of World War I, and the traditional hierarchy of the aristocracy, the middle classes and the working class were changing. Some members of the middle classes had become very rich, causing a shift in economic power.
"The New Colossus" explores the classic perception of the American Dream in a lyrical way. The main theme of the poem is the immigrant experience (in the US). The poet attributes to the Statue of liberty– and implicitly to the US – the role of a nursing mother for the immigrants. The statue brings them hope and symbolizes the better life they are searching for.
“Call me Arnold” is an interview Studs Terkel conducted with Arnold Schwarzenegger. Here, Schwarzenegger comments on his own version of the American Dream. Throughout the interview, he lists his achievements and emphasizes the importance of self-determination to show that achieving the American Dream is possible through hard work.
Below are further suggestions for texts or movies that may be relevant when working with the American Dream. We do not currently have study guides for these texts, but maybe you can be inspired to look for some of these titles yourself.
- Capra, Frank - Mr. Smith Goes To Washington (1939 movie)
- Ellison, Ralph - Invisible Man (1952 novel)
- Hansberry, Lorraine - A Raisin in the Sun (1959 play)
- Luhrmann, Baz - The Great Gatsby (2013 movie)
- Miller, Arthur - Death of a Salesman (1949 play)
- Muccino, Gabriele - The Pursuit of Happyness (2006 movie)
- Obama, Barack - The Audacity of Hope: Thoughts on Reclaiming the American Dream (2006 biography)
- Steinbeck, John - The Grapes of Wrath (1939 novel)
- Zemeckis, Robert - Forrest Gump (1994 movie)