Rosa Parks (1913-2005) was an African-American civil rights activist whose act of defiance against segregation became a famous milestone for the civil rights movement.
Parks became a member of the NAACP in 1943, initially working as a secretary for the Montgomery chapter of the organization. Thus, she was already a civil rights activist years before the event that made her famous.
In December 1955, Parks refused to give up her seat in the bus to a white person after the seats specifically allocated to white people were filled.
Parks was arrested for civil disobedience and taken to jail, though she was bailed out the same evening.
Although Parks was not the first person to challenge bus segregation, the NAACP chose to take her specific case to court, because sh...