The helpers

The four brave helpers

Without the efforts of their brave and selfless helpers, none of the eight people in hiding would have been able to stay concealed for so long in a secret annex in Amsterdam. The four employees of Otto Frank's company, Miep Gies, Elisabeth “Bep” Voskuijl, Victor Kugler, and Johannes Kleiman, risk their lives for 25 months to protect the eight hiding Jews from the police.

During this period, they provide the secret annex dwellers with food vital to their survival. They inform the people in hiding about the outside world, comfort them, and reassure them at all times. They always try to cheer up the people in hiding, in spite of all the dangers and inconveniences. Even when food is scarce because of the war, they still give them generous gifts on St. Nicholas Day and at Christmas. 

Anne writes a eulogy to her selfless helpers in her diary that accurately captures their dedication: 

Never have they uttered a single word about the burden we must be, never have they complained that we’re too much trouble. They come upstairs every day and talk to the men about business and politics, to the women about food and wartime difficulties and to the children about books and newspapers. They put on their most cheerful expressions, bring flowers and gifts for birthdays and holidays and are always ready to do what they can. That’s something we should never forget; while others display their heroism in battle or against the Germans, our helpers prove theirs every day by their good spirits and affection.(53%)

After the war, all four helpers were included in the “Righteous Among the Nations List”.

Miep Gies

Miep Gies (née Hermine Santrouschitz) was born in Vienna in 1909 to an extremely poor family. In 1920 she is sent to live with a host family in the Netherlands as part of an aid program for malnourished children. Shortly after moving to Amsterdam with her host family, she applies for a job in Otto Frank's company in 1933. Shortly afterwards she becomes a “close friend” (6%) of the family.

She is significantly involved in the Frank family's disappearance. Together with her husband Jan Gies, she helps the family move into the Amsterdam secret annex in July 1942. A while later, she also organizes Albert Dussel's (real name Fritz Pfeffer) move into the secret annex.

Miep Gies is responsible for providing for the eight people in hiding. She buys food for them with ration coupons purchased on the black market and works tirelessly to make their hard life easier: 

Miep has so much to carry she looks like a pack mule. She goes forth nearly every day to scrounge up vegetables, and then bicycles back with her purchases in large shopping bags. She’s also the one who brings five ...

The text shown above is just an extract. Only members can read the full content.

Get access to the full Study Guide.

As a member of PrimeStudyGuides.com, you get access to all of the content.

Sign up now

Already a member? Log in