The article “The Ideas Shaping a New India” by Anand Giridharadas discusses different ways in which India has changed over the past twenty years. Giridharadas explains that while India became independent of British rule much earlier, it was only in 1991 that it introduced a new series of economic measures that shaped the country into what it is today. Giridharadas uses his own experience working in India and writing about it to highlight five ideas that define the new India. 

First, Giridharadas addresses the issue of social class. He says that before, India used to have a strict class division of society, influenced by the ancient caste system that used to exist. Giridharadas also says that the issue of social class presented itself in subtle ways t...

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