The short story “The Whale” by Witi Ihimaera features a central character, the old man, and some episodic characters, such as his niece Hera and the collective character of the people in his village .

The narrative follows the old man's perspective and his thoughts. He is a round, complex character, who changes as a result of the action. At first, he gets angry when he sees his culture starts dying and at the end becomes almost resigned with this situation.

The old man's niece belongs to the younger generation and the old man believes she can be a keeper of Maori culture . As a little girl she is fascinated with the old man’s stories , but she grows up and moves to the city. When she returns to visit, she finds it “difficult to reconcile the Maori way with...

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