The speaker of “Tryst with Destiny” is the Indian politician Jawaharlal Nehru.

At the time of the speech, Jawaharlal Nehru officially became the first Prime Minister of independent India, a position he would hold until his death in 1964. 

Educated in Law at Cambridge University, Nehru had vast political experience behind him, as he had been a dominant figure in the Indian National Congress Party since the 1920s.

The Indian National Congress Party was at the time a nationalist party and the strongest political force in the fight for Indian independence. Under Gandhi’s leadership, the party developed a social-liberal orientation, its main policy being to improve the lives of the poor and the marginalised. This ideology is also conveyed through Nehru’s speech: “The service of India means the service of the millions who suffer. It means the ending of poverty and ignorance and disease and inequality of opportunity.”

The speaker announces his government platform, which mirrors the Indian National Congress’ orientation towards democracy and promoting social justice: “…to build up a prosperous, democratic and progressive nation, and to create social, economic and political institutions which will ensure justice and fullness of life to every man and wom...

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