Winston Churchill’s “We Shall Fight on the Beaches” speech explores topics like the evacuation of Allied troops from Dunkirk, warning of a possible Nazi invasion in Britain, and the goal of victory and Britain’s resolve to achieve it. These topics are inspired by the circumstances of the successful evacuation of Allied troops from Dunkirk, France. However, Britain was still at war with Nazi Germany and was under the threat of an invasion.
Churchill’s overall intention with his speech is to inform the audience about the rescue operation at Dunkirk and about the state of the country, to warn about a possible invasion of Germany in Britain, but also to inspire a sense of hope and unity in the audience, and to announce that Britain will seek victory no matter the circumstances.
Note, however, that Churchill’s speech was not broadcast for the British people and was aimed at the House of Commons. Churchill is trying to explain facts related to Dunkirk and the war situation, but also to improve morale and gain support. This was important because Churchill’s role as Prime Minister depended on the support of a majority of the Commons.
Inform the audience about the evacuation of Allied troops from Dunkirk
The speaker uses logos to inform the audience, giving factual information about the events leading up to the Dunkirk rescue operation:
…the German eruption swept like a sharp scythe around the right and rear of the Armies of the north. Eight or nine armoured divisions, each of about four hundred armoured vehicles of different ...