Dramatic irony is one of the dramatic techniques sometimes found in Shakespeare’s plays. Basically, dramatic irony is whenever the audience understands more about a situation than some of the characters in the play do. Depending on the situation, this might create a feeling of tension because the audience cannot warn the characters or it might have a comical effect.
In Romeo and Juliet, Romeo chooses to commit suicide in the final scene because he believes Juliet to be dead. Unlike him, we know that she is just sleeping. This difference in knowledge adds to the tension of the last scene and makes the ending even more tragic.
Foreshadowing is whenever the play hints at an event or outcome that is to come later on. It can be used to create suspense or a sense of curiosity.
Romeo and Juliet relies heavily on foreshadowing. The play...